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  1. Research Article

    Social support quality and availability affects risk behaviors in offenders

    People involved in the justice system are at 2.5 times the risk of HIV infection compared to the general population, which is further complicated by substance abuse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...

    Stephanie A. Spohr, Sumihiro Suzuki, Brittany Marshall, Faye S. Taxman and Scott T. Walters

    Health & Justice 2016 4:2

    Published on: 25 February 2016

  2. Research article

    Effect of social relationships on antiretroviral medication adherence for people living with HIV and substance use disorders and transitioning from prison

    This paper examines how family and social relations facilitate and inhibit adherence to antiretroviraltherapy (ART) for people living with HIV (PLH) who have underlying substance use disorders and are transiti...

    Julia Rozanova, Shan-Estelle Brown, Ambika Bhushan, Ruthanne Marcus and Frederick L. Altice

    Health & Justice 2015 3:18

    Published on: 18 December 2015

  3. Research Article

    Alcohol and other drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men entering prison in New South Wales

    Prison entrants commonly have a history of problematic alcohol and other drug (AoD) use. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians are vastly overrepresented in Australian prisons with an ...

    Michael F Doyle, Tony G Butler, Anthony Shakeshaft, Jill Guthrie, Jo Reekie and Peter W Schofield

    Health & Justice 2015 3:15

    Published on: 11 August 2015

  4. Research Article

    Finding the loopholes: a cross-sectional qualitative study of systemic barriers to treatment access for women drug court participants

    Therapeutic diversion courts seek to address justice-involved participants’ underlying problems leading to their legal system involvement, including substance use disorder, psychiatric illness, and intimate pa...

    Diane S. Morse, Jennifer Silverstein, Katherine Thomas, Precious Bedel and Catherine Cerulli

    Health & Justice 2015 3:12

    Published on: 17 June 2015

  5. Research Article

    Efficacy of a process improvement intervention on inmate awareness of HIV services: a multi-site trial

    The prevalence of HIV among U.S. inmates is much greater than in the general population, creating public health concerns and cost issues for the criminal justice system. The HIV Services and Treatment Implemen...

    Holly Swan, Matthew L Hiller, Carmen E Albizu-Garcia, Michele Pich, Yvonne Patterson and Daniel J O’Connell

    Health & Justice 2015 3:11

    Published on: 6 June 2015

  6. Research article

    The impact of prison deinstitutionalization on community treatment services

    With one in every 108 Americans behind bars, the deinstitutionalization of prisons is a pressing issue for all those facing the daunting challenges of successfully reintegrating ex-offenders into both their co...

    Beverly D Frazier, Hung-En Sung, Lior Gideon and Karla S Alfaro

    Health & Justice 2015 3:9

    Published on: 6 May 2015

  7. Short report

    Prescribed contraceptives among woman after release from prison

    Despite the high rates of unintended and complicated pregnancy among women who have spent time in prison, little is known about their use of prescribed contraceptives post-prison release. We used a routinely-c...

    Georgina Sutherland, Megan Carroll, Nick Lennox and Stuart Kinner

    Health & Justice 2015 3:8

    Published on: 28 April 2015

  8. Research article

    Indicators of social capital in prison: a systematic review

    Social capital theory encapsulates multidisciplinary principles and is measured across numerous social entities. However, there is a paucity of literature exploring the benefits of social capital for sentenced...

    Lise Lafferty, Georgina M Chambers, Jill Guthrie and Tony Butler

    Health & Justice 2015 3:7

    Published on: 11 April 2015

  9. Research article

    Gender differences in HIV risk behaviors in individuals recently released from prison: results of a pilot study

    Individuals recently released from prison engage in risky behaviors that predispose them to contracting HIV. Women may be at increased risk in the immediate period post-release, given higher rates of poverty, ...

    Gefei A Zhu, Nathan Birnbaum, Amy Carroll-Scott, Linda Evans, Lynn E Fiellin and Emily A Wang

    Health & Justice 2015 3:6

    Published on: 31 March 2015

  10. Research article

    Does gender matter? Exploring mental health recovery court legal and health outcomes

    Based upon therapeutic justice principles, mental health courts use legal leverage to improve access and compliance to treatment for defendants who are mentally ill. Justice-involved women have a higher preval...

    Catherine L Kothari, Robert Butkiewicz, Emily R Williams, Caron Jacobson, Diane S Morse and Catherine Cerulli

    Health & Justice 2014 2:12

    Published on: 5 December 2014

  11. Research article

    A comparison of psychiatric diagnoses among HIV-infected prisoners receiving combination antiretroviral therapy and transitioning to the community

    The criminal justice system (CJS), specifically prisons and jails, is ideally suited for uniform screening of psychiatric (PD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), who ...

    Angela Di Paola, Frederick L Altice, Mary Lindsay Powell, Robert L Trestman and Sandra A Springer

    Health & Justice 2014 2:11

    Published on: 29 October 2014

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